Since President Rodrigo Duterte assumed office, Philippine relations with China have experienced a remarkable renaissance. Duterte’s accommodating policy towards the Chinese government has however caused increasing anxiety among the Filipino public.
Following Cambodia’s national election in July 2018, there are a number of key challenges facing Prime Minister Hun Sen. He and his government need both internal and external political legitimacy to survive.
Singapore’s relations with China can be traced back to the precolonial period. Archeological digs have uncovered “Chinese glass beads and vessels, as well as the fragment of a rare porcelain pillow and a unique compass bowl,” suggesting “an exceptionally close relationship with China.”
The unparalleled mix of the EU’s wish to have a complementary relationship with China, the priority it gives to trade, as well as the divisions within the Union that interrupt its common foreign policy, explain why it contributes little to Southeast Asian security.
In December 2018, Indian President Ram Nath Kovind paid a five-day visit to provide assistance to Myanmar in terms of the planned repatriation of Rohingya refugees and to enhance the trade cooperation between the two countries.
The MOU between the Philippines and China is an important step for bilateral efforts towards the direction of expanding cooperation to marine resources development. It will also impact dispute management and peace and security in the South China Sea.
Washington DC based analysts sharply criticized the policy and actions of Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration regarding China’s actions in the South China Sea, reflecting the US government concern that under Duterte it is “losing” the Philippines.
The outcomes of the ASEAN Summit can be divided into two main categories: the “cautious optimism” view, and the “missed opportunity” interpretation, against the backdrop of a G2 titans’ clash between the US and China.
In October 2018, the MoU on the feasibility study of the Muse-Mandalay railway, a part of the USD 20 billion Sino-Myanmar railway, was signed. This led to the speculation that the canceled Sino-Myanmar railway might be resumed.